SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

PE UNIT 5 VISITORS (ASKING FOR AND GIVING SUGGESTIONS)

ASKING FOR AND GIVING SUGGESTIONS

Watch the video:

Here are some phrases related to asking and giving suggestions:

I THOUGHT WE MIGHT / COULD …
You often see past modals “might” and “could” used in making suggestions. We use these because they put a little distance between us and the other person. The result is that the suggestion sounds less definite, so that the other person can disagree without causing an argument!

Here are some examples:

“I thought we might try out that new restaurant at the weekend.”
“I thought we could pop in to see James on the way back.”
You can also use this phrase with “I”:
“I thought I might go to an evening class this year.”

CAN’T YOU ..? / COULDN’T YOU ..?
When you use the negative form of “can” and “could”, the suggestion is stronger and it can sound more like a request than a suggestion. For example:

“Can you go shopping later?”
“Can’t you go? I’m really busy today.” / “Can’t Rachel do it? She’s at home all day today.”
“I’m finding it really hard to make ends meet. I don’t earn enough.”
“Couldn’t you ask your boss for a raise?” / “Couldn’t you get a part-time weekend job?”

YOU COULD ALWAYS…
This is a good alternative to saying “You could”. For example:

“You could always try to get a different job.”
“You could always ask me if you needed a bit of extra money.”

YOU COULD DO WORSE THAN…
Here’s another suggestion phrase with “could”. When you say this, remember that the verb following “than” is in the infinitive form without “to”:

“You could do worse than apply to UCL. It’s got a great reputation for History.”
“You could do worse than speak to your boss about a raise. You’ve already been there for two years.”

YOU MAY / MIGHT AS WELL…
Remember that the verb following this phrase is also in the infinitive form without “to”. It’s a great phrase for making suggestions because it shows that the suggestion is logical. For example:

“You may as well go the the library when you’re in town.”
“You might as well speak to your boss. What have you got to lose?”

I’M THINKING OUT LOUD HERE…
You often hear this in conversation when someone wants to give an opinion or make a suggestion – but they haven’t thought about it in great detail. So the other person can criticise it without causing a problem.

“I’m thinking out loud here, but if we went on holiday in May, we’d get a better deal.”
“I’m just thinking out loud here… Suppose you told your boss you’d got a great offer somewhere else? Or is that too risky?”

WELL, IF YOU WANT MY OPINION…
Here’s another way to introduce your suggestion.

“Well, if you want my opinion, it’s unlikely that he’ll give you a raise.”
“Well, if you want my opinion, trying to “blackmail” your boss into giving you a raise is a bad idea.”

HOW TO RESPOND TO SUGGESTIONS

Here are some common ways to respond to suggestions:

“I thought we might / could…”
“Yes, good idea.”
“Yes, I’d be up for that.”
“Can’t you / Couldn’t you..?”
“Well no, I can’t actually.”
“Well I could I suppose, but…”
“You could always…”
“May as well.” / “Might as well.”
“You could do worse than…”
“Yeah, you’re right.”
“You may / might as well…”
“Good point.”
“I’m thinking out loud here…”
“Hmm, interesting, but don’t you think…”
“Well, if you want my opinion…”
Reply: “Actually, I don’t!”

PE UNIT 5 VISITORS (GIVING ADVICE)

GIVING ADVICE
Watch the video to learn phrases related to Giving Advice.

Here are more examples of phrases for Giving Advice:

Asking for advice
What do you think I should do?
What should I do?
What do you suggest?
What do you advise me to do?
If you were me what would you do?
What ought I to do?
Do you think that I should…?

Giving advice
If I were you I would/wouldn’t….
If I were in your shoes/position I would…
You had better/ you’d better…..
You should…
Your only option is to….
Why don’t you….?
Have you thought about….?
Have you tried…?

PE UNIT 4 CAREERS (JOB APPLICATIONS)

Job Applications
Tips on How To Efectively Complete a Job Application.

8 SIMPLE STEPS TO PREPARE FOR YOUR ENGLISH INTERVIEW

1. GREETINGS
Sure, there are a lot of casual ways to greet others in English—but which one do you use at a job interview?

Always start with “Hello” or “Good morning.”

I love this post which teaches usual ways to greet others in English. It includes simple but important tips, such as saying “How are you doing this morning?” instead of just “How are you?” The small differences make the English very natural, just like the English that native speakers use.

When someone asks you how you are, be honest!

Boring: “I’m fine.”

Perfect: “I’m great! I’m at an interview for a company I admire,” or “I’m a little nervous. I’m at an interview for my dream job.”

This honesty and personality will connect with the interviewer. After all, they’re human too and they’re excited to learn about you.

2. YOUR STRENGTHS
Interviewers have many ways to ask about your strengths. Your strengths are your best skills and competencies. They’re what make you a great employee. An interviewer wants to know what is best about you. They’ll ask about strengths with questions like:

“Why are you suited for this company?”
Suited for means “right,” “matched,” “a good fit” or “suitable for.”

“What can you bring to the table?”
Bring to the table means what benefits, skills or value will you bring to the company?

“How will you be an asset to this company?”
An asset is something valuable. This question is really asking “How will you benefit this company?” or “How will you make this company more valuable?”

Now, how can you respond to these questions? You need to respond by telling them your strengths, your special value. In your answer, you should tell the interviewer something that you excel at.

“I excel at multi-tasking.”
Something that you excel at is something that you’re amazing at doing.

When answering this question, you want to talk about how good you are. Many English learners get confused about using well or good in this situation. So, when do we use well and when do we use good?

Verbs are action words. Strengths are often verbs, for example: multitasking projects, completing assignments, inspiring others, etc. All those words that end in -ing are verbs.

You do (verb) well but you are good at (verb).

“I am good at multitasking. I also write well and can complete reports well in a short time.”
In addition to “well” versus “good,” review ten other common grammar mistakes before going in for your interview.

Whatever your list of strengths is—add one more. Add your first language.

One major advantage you have is that you’re bilingual (or multilingual). You can easily connect this to corporate goals of globalization (international work), diversity and communication. Plus, you have experience working in multicultural environments.

Strengths Summary:

Strengths are: key skills, talents, abilities, competencies, knowledge, things you do really well

Describing your strengths: excel in/at, asset to, bring to the table, good at, do well

Strength verbs: planning, organizing, monitoring, managing, evaluating, budgeting, inspiring, developing, encouraging, coaching, holding others accountable

Strength adjectives: multicultural, bilingual, multilingual, global, culturally diverse

3. YOUR WEAKNESSES
Be honest, you have a few weaknesses. Everyone has some. I have more than some.

Often, your weaknesses are related to your strengths. For instance, if your strength is that you always meet deadlines, your weakness may be that you miss some details along the way because you’re working so fast. On the other hand, if your strength is that you’re very detail-oriented, your weakness may be that you sometimes miss deadlines.

Sample questions:

“What would you say is your greatest weakness?”
“What would your coworkers say they dislike about working with you?”
“What would your former boss say your biggest opportunities are?”
The word opportunities means that you need to improve in these areas. You have the opportunity to get better. This is not a typical use of the word, but it’s a business term you should know.)

Let’s review some vocabulary that’ll help you market the not-so-good parts of your resume.

Always begin with frequency. Your weaknesses occur “sometimes,” “occasionally” or “at times.” You should use these words to show that your weaknesses aren’t happening and causing problems all the time. This lessens the severity (harshness, impact, seriousness) of your weakness.

Also, you should explain why these weaknesses only exist in certain situations. Instead of “I’m bossy,” say:

“I delegate roles to the team quickly which sometimes makes my team feel I am not considering their feelings.”
This supports the fact that you’re aware of your weakness, when and why it occurs. It also shows that it’s just about how other people feel—you actually do care about their feelings. Therefore, you’re much more likely to be able to correct your weakness.

Being honest about your weaknesses shows self-awareness. That’s not enough though. Now you need to show that you plan to improve. Give them actionable steps that you’re doing to turn your weaknesses into strengths.

Actionable steps are steps you’re taking to develop this area. Actionable means you’re taking action. In other words, you’re actively working towards a goal rather than waiting for something to happen to you. An actionable step to investing is saving money rather than hoping to win the lottery.

For instance, is your weakness your business English?

Tell your interviewer what you’re doing to learn, practice and reinforce business English. Include how often you do this and what your goals are. For example:

“Every day, I read one article in The Financial Times and highlight the words I’m unfamiliar with. After that, I look up the definition and use each word in a sentence. Every Sunday, I quiz myself on all the new words I learned.”
This reinforces that these weaknesses are temporary. This is your opportunity to show that you’re focused on improving yourself.

Weakness Summary:

Weakness are: things you don’t do well, problems, issues, opportunities for improvement

Weakness descriptions: makes my team feel…, makes others feel…

Weakness frequency: at times, sometimes, occasionally

4. YOUR PAST
In the past, interviewers at companies used to ask people what they would do in a hypothetical (made up, imaginary) situation. This is not the way interviews are done anymore.

Now, your interviewers will want to hear what you’ve actually done in the past. This is the most accurate way to understand to what you can do in the future. Therefore, be sure to review your past tense knowledge to prepare for this part of the interview.

Possible interview question:

“What were your responsibilities in your previous position? How did you tackle them?”
Your previous position refers to your most recent work experience (or the job you held before the interview). Your responsibilities (also called job, tasks or duties) were the kind of work you needed to do there.

Tackling your responsibilities refers to how you did your job. How did you manage your work? How did you handle daily tasks?

Possible answer:

“I was a sales associate in charge of the Northeast region. My responsibilities included meeting a sales quota every 4 months. I tackled my sales quota by setting small goals every month, learning about the product and building relationships in the local communities. I met my sales quota two months early.”
Not every question is so straightforward. Interviewers want to surprise you. They want to make you think and see if you’re good at solving problems. Other questions about your past might ask about your feelings. They might want to know when you felt the most proud or most disappointed at work.

Sample question:

“When were you most disappointed at work? How did you feel? What did you do?”
A good way to answer this question is to use this common formula: PAR. P for problem, A for action, R for result.

What was the problem?

“My colleague resigned and I was given all of her responsibilities, in addition to my existing work. I felt overwhelmed.”
Common problems or challenges are: working within tight deadlines,” (very limited time to complete work) and working with limited resources” (the resources might be time, money and/or staff).

What was the action?

“I combined related responsibilities so I could complete them all together. I understood the job duties for this position, so I also assisted in hiring and training an appropriate replacement.”
What was the result?

“I developed an effective replacement team member. She was even promoted within the year.”
PAR takes a negative situation, when you were most disappointed, and turns it into a challenge that you conquered (mastered). This shows that you can solve problems and be successful with responsibilities. Look here for great examples of PARs, listed by company department.

Past Summary:

Past job description: responsibilities, duties, tasks, work, workload, role, assignments

Synonyms for “responsible”: in charge of, accountable for, answerable

Success and strength: Tackling your responsibilities (how you completed them)

Challenges: tight deadlines, strict deadlines, limited resources, few staff

5. YOUR FUTURE
Show them that you’re goal-oriented. You have good goals, and you want to be successful.

First, you need to be able to talk about the future in English. Practice your future tense so you can master will, shall and going to.

When you want to talk about future goals, start your sentence with “I will” or “I am going to.” Then add a verb. You’re finished.

Let’s say my verb is practice. I will practice. I am going to practice. Add more descriptive information to keep your interviewers happy.

I will practice business English every morning.
I am going to practice business English with my colleagues every Sunday for three hours.
Easy!

Possible question:

“Where will you be in five years?”
Your interviewer wants you to be honest. They also want to hear that your goals align with the company’s long term goals. Use the above format (“will” or “is going to”) and make sure you describe your future in a way that will benefit the company.

Possible answer:

“I will be managing a large team of sales representations to achieve major sales goals.”
Future Summary:

Grammar: Will, am going to

6. TOUGH QUESTIONS
As stated, interviewers want to surprise you. They want to see how you think. They want to know that you can solve problems, especially in stressful situations (such as an interview).

Lately, top companies are asking seemingly impossible questions such as “How many windows are there in Manhattan?” or “How many oranges are there in California?”

Step 1: Think out loud.
Step 2: Make a few assumptions and guesses.
Step 3: Answer.

Take for instance the first question: “How many windows are there in Manhattan?” How can we answer this?

Step 1: Think out loud.
“I would start by guessing how many windows are in each building.”
Step 2: Make a few assumptions and guesses.
“Assuming that the average building in Manhattan has 80 windows…Supposing that the average city block has 10 buildings…Let’s say that there are 1000 square blocks in Manhattan…That means there are 1000 x 10 x 80 windows.”
Step 3: Answer.
“There are 800,000 windows in Manhattan.”
Your assumptions are almost guaranteed to be wrong. That’s okay. That’s also why we have step 1. Tell your interviewer what you’re thinking about. Let them hear your assumptions. This way your interviewer can see that you’re intelligent, thoughtful and can solve problems.

Refer to this Forbes or The New York Times article for perfect examples how to answer these questions and more.

Tough Questions Summary:

Assumption words: assuming that, supposing that, let’s assume that, let’s say that

7. ASKING QUESTIONS
We’re coming to the end of the interview and it’s your turn to ask questions.

We know you have to ask a few questions. Interviewers will be waiting for your questions. They want to know that you’re thinking about the company, and that you’re very interested in this position.

Be sure to ask relevant questions, such as:

“What would my daily responsibilities be like in this position?”
Highlight your desire for growth with questions related to in-house training or cross training. Ask about possibilities for advancement and improvement.

As Jon Youshaei, a contributor at Forbes, says that you should use this time to ask questions and share something about yourself. I love this example he provides:

Weak question: “Will this job provide opportunities to work in foreign countries?”

Strong question: “I’m passionate about languages and I studied Arabic in college. Will this job give me opportunities to work with markets in the Middle East?”

Rather than simply asking a question, you’re also sharing your interests and strengths at the same time.

8. CONFIDENCE
Using English as a second language can be terrifying, particularly in an interview.

Why?

An interview is about more than language.

You need to know English well, yes. But you also need to use good body language. Act confident. Sure, you may be less confident in business English than in your native language. However, your ability to laugh about mistakes is positive. If you become nervous about making mistakes, then this will be more negative.

You’ll also feel more confident if you research the company and research the industry.

Applying for a finance position at Bank of America? Learn about the bank. Then learn about the current state of the financial industry in America and internationally.

You can easily learn about the company with the following resources:

Financial statements — Formal reports of a company’s finances.
Press releases — Official statements which share the latest news affecting the company.
Earnings calls — Public calls discussing finances within a specific period.
Your interviewer might ask you specific questions about the company. Researching the above information will help you answer questions like:

“What will be our company’s biggest opportunity in the next 5 years?”
Those are a few good ways to boost your confidence for your interview. Remember that practice makes perfect, so be sure to practice your answers with these common interview questions.

STRAIGHT TALK
One more tip. Be yourself.

Are you matter of fact? Are you a joker?

No one knows exactly what your interviewer is looking for.

It’s important to truly show who you are so that the company knows who they’re hiring. This is a long-term strategy. If the company likes the real you, then you’ll be happier in your position and work environment.

PE UNIT 4 CAREERS (MEETING, GREETING PHRASES AND TIPS)

MEETING, GREETING PHRASES AND TIPS

Watch the videos to learn phrases related to greeting people.

BUSINESS ENGLISH – MEET AND GREET
How you greet people when you meet them using business English depends on a few things. For instance whether it’s a formal business meeting, the type of company, if you have met before, if you are meeting to sell something, or meeting to plan or decide on something.
If greeting someone formally you would say Mrs Hall or Mr Hall, or Mrs Jan Hall or Mr John Hall.
A less formal greeting would be Jan Hall or John Hall.
An informal greeting would be Jan or John.
Madam/ Ma’am or Sir, are very formal and rarely used in business in peer to peer interactions. This form of address may be used by people working in service industries such as a waiter or a driver. Having said that, ‘Sir’ and ‘Ma’am’ are used frequently in America, although again often in service industries. They are used less in the service industries in Australia.

BUSINESS ENGLISH – MAKING INTRODUCTIONS
You might need to introduce yourself and maybe others as well, or someone else might introduce you.
When introducing yourself and someone else you always introduce yourself first.
You step forward, make eye contact with the person you are introducing yourself to, and hold your right hand out to shake the person’s hand.
Make sure you say your name and the other persons name slowly and clearly.

For example when introducing yourself and others:
“I’m Jan Hall, and this is my colleague John Hall.”
As you shake the person’s hand you might say: ” How do you do ?” (formal) or ” Pleased to meet you.” ( less formal).
If you are unsure of the formality of the situation, address the person by their title and surname e.g. Mrs Hall, until they tell you to address them differently.

BUSINESS ENGLISH – SMALL TALK
It’s usual when you first meet someone for people to engage in ‘small talk.’ This is a short exchange where you talk about general matters. It acts to relax everyone into the situation, and make them feel a little connected to start with.
It could be about the traffic, how they got there, the weather, sport or some other common topic. For example: John : ” was it difficult to find us?”
Jan: No, the directions were very good. The traffic wasn’t bad either.”
John: ” What’s the weather like out there? It was lovely this morning.”
Jan: ” It was earlier but it’s clouded over a bit now. The forecast said there’d be rain later.”
John: ” That’s a shame, I was hoping to go for a run after work.”
Jan: ” Do you run a lot?”
John: ” Not really, I’ve just started.”
Jan: ” Well I hope the weather clears up for you later on. Now, Shall we get started?”
It is really important to remember that when we are nervous we tend to speak more quickly. If you are still learning to pronounce English clearly, then you need to remember to consciously make an effort to slow down and pronounce all the sounds in your words. Don’t forget to breathe as well, as this helps be clearer and slower. Practise saying the name of the person you are meeting before hand. Practise using the specific vocabulary you will need in the meeting in relation to the type of business it is before you go to the meeting.

PE UNIT 4 CAREERS ( SIMPLE PAST -ED ENDINGS )

SIMPLE PAST -ED ENDINGS

Watch the video, then click on the links to practice.

Explanation and rules
Pronunciation exercise regular verbs in past
Pronunciation exercise 2
Exercise 1 – Choose the correct “ed” ending sound. Multiple choice. 10 questions long.
Exercise 2 – Choose the correct “ed” ending sound. Multiple choice. 10 questions long.
Exercise 3 – Choose the correct “ed” ending sound. Multiple choice. 10 questions long.
Exercise 4 – Choose the correct “ed” ending sound. Multiple choice. 10 questions long.
Exercise 5 – Choose the correct “ed” ending sound. Multiple choice. 10 questions long.
Final Exam – Cumulative Review. Drop down list. Practice what you have learned by choosing the correct pronunciation for multiple words written in a paragraph.